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8.2 Technology Education, Engineering, and Design: All students will develop an understanding of the nature and impact of technology, engineering, technological design, and the designed world, as they relate to the individual, global society, and the environment.
Grades:
PK-12
Strand G: The Designed World
Essential Questions
· How does technology extend human capabilities? What are the positive and negative consequences of technology? Should technologies that produce negative impact continue to be used?
· When are the most sophisticated tools required and when are the simplest tools best?
· Can a system continue to operate with a missing or malfunctioning component?
· Is it always beneficial to use the most economical material/materials for production of a technological product?

Enduring Understandings
· Technological outcomes have the potential for anticipated and unanticipated positive and negative results.
· The design process is fundamental to technology and engineering
· A system has interrelated components designed to collectively achieve a desired goal.
· All technological activities use resources that include tools/machines, materials, information, energy, capital, time and people.
Content and Cumulative Progress Indicators (CPIs)
Classroom Applications
Content:
The designed world is the product of a design process that provides the means to convert resources into products and systems.

CPI:
8.2.2.G.1 Describe how the parts of a common toy or tool interact and work as part of a system.
Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
·

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
The designed world is the product of a design process that provides the means to convert resources into products and systems.

CPI:
8.2.2.G.2 Explain the importance of safety in the use and selection of appropriate tools and resources for a specific purpose.
Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
·

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
*
Content:
The designed world is the product of a design process that provides the means to convert resources into products and systems.

CPI:
8.2.4.G.1 Examine a malfunctioning tool and use a step-by-step process to troubleshoot and present options to repair the product.
Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
·

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
*
Content:
The designed world is the product of a design process that provides the means to convert resources into products and systems.

CPI:
8.2.4.G.2 Explain the functions of a system and subsystems.
Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
·

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
*
Content:
The designed world is the product of a design process that provides the means to convert resources into products and systems.

CPI:
8.2.4.G.3 Evaluate the function, value, and esthetics of a technological product, system, or environment from the perspective of the user and the producer.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
·

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
*
Content:
The designed world is the product of a design process that provides the means to convert resources into products and systems.

CPI:
8.2.8.G.1 Explain why human-designed systems, products, and environments need to be constantly monitored, maintained, and improved.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· The Tech’s potato astronauts have been sent on a mission to repair part of the International Space Station. You must protect them from the effects of being hit by small meteoroids at high speeds. Design and outfit your potato astronaut in gear that will protect her.(NJ)
Constraints
Your protective wear must fit snugly on your astronaut so that she can move freely. No adhesives can be used since their durability in space cannot be tested. Your protective wear can only use a maximum of four layers. It needs to be as lightweight and flexible as
possible. Due to materials shortages, your layers must consist of at least three different materials.(NJ)
·

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:

· Testing for Potato astronaut
Once finished, the participant should place the potato astronaut in the testing pad on the floor. A screwdriver should be held 2 feet above the potato and dropped five times so that the point collides with the astronaut five times. A potato with no nicks or scratches indicates success.
http://www.thetech.org/education/downloads/dconline/spudsinspace.pdf (NJ)

Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
The designed world is the product of a design process that provides the means to convert resources into products and systems.

CPI:
8.2.8.G.2 Explain the interdependence of a subsystem that operates as part of a system.
Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
·

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
*
Content:
The designed world is the product of a design process that provides the means to convert resources into products and systems.

CPI:
8.2.12.G.1 Analyze the interactions among various [[#Technologies|technologies]] and collaborate to create a product or system demonstrating their interactivity.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
·

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
*