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8.2 Technology Education, Engineering, and Design: All students will develop an understanding of the nature and impact of technology, engineering, technological design, and the designed world, as they relate to the individual, global society, and the environment.
Grades:
PK-12
StrandC: Technological Citizenship, Ethics, and Society
Essential Questions
· What is the relationship among ethics, society and the development of technology?

· How does technology extend human capabilities? What are the positive and negative consequences of technology? Should technologies that produce negative impact continue to be used?
· When are the most sophisticated tools required and when are the simplest tools best?

Enduring Understandings
· Values, needs and ethics of society are reflected in technological developments.

· Technological outcomes have the potential for anticipated and unanticipated positive and negative results.

· The design process is fundamental to technology and engineering.

Content and Cumulative Progress Indicators (CPIs)
Classroom Applications
Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.2.C.1
Demonstrate how reusing a product affects the local and global environment.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· Understand the pros and cons of reuse (SW - India)

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:

· Identify Potential Reusable Products (SW - India)
· Find out about the Reuse Organizations run in your country and what items do they buy to be reused (SW - India)
· Give some examples of reuse. (SW - India)



Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.4.C.1
Explain the impact of disposing of materials in a responsible way.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
Read about the concepts of waste management
Understand the different types of wastes and the most

· Read about the types of waste, and the concept of waste management (SW - India)
· Read about the impact that the society has when the waste is not disposed safely (SW - India)
· Learn about the laws and rules implemented in your country to dispose different types of wastes. (SW - India)

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:
· E-waste has become one of the greatest challenges of waste management. What are the types of wastes that are classified under e-waste, and list out the measures to be taken to dispose e-wastes safely (SW - India)
· Make a news bulletin on the latest news on waste management (SW - India)


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.4.C.2
Explain the purpose of trademarks and the impact of trademark infringement on businesses.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· Understand the meaning of a trademark and the role it plays for a company/organization (SW - India)
· Compare and Contrast trademarks, with patents, and copyright (SW - India)
· Learn about the International Trademark laws (SW - India)

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:

· Write an article about a case that has been filed for trademark infringement against a company. Discuss about the legal aspects of why the case has been files, and who is right and who is at fault, and why? (SW - India)


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.4.C.3
Examine ethical considerations in the development and production of a product from its inception through production, marketing, use, maintenance, and eventual disposal by consumers.


Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· Understand if ethical considerations impact the development of a product or technology in your country. (SW - India)
· Know about the technologies and products against which there is a growing ethical concern. (SW - India)

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:
· Debate for and against the burning ethical issues being raised against the inventions in the fields of genetic and nuclear technologies. (SW - India)
· Present a paper on some of the famous historical protests made against Technology in different countries of the world. Find out the sentiments behind such protests, and the possible ways to handle the clash between ethics and technology. (SW - India)
· Plastic bags have been a real challenge to environmentalists of the world. What are the measures adopted by the government, and people to reduce the plastic waste, and to dispose them correctly. (SW - India)
· Give one example of a new product/technology that has been developed, marketed, used, and disposed safely and responsibly. (SW - India)


Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.8.C.1
Explain the need for patents and the process of registering one.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· Understand the governing laws of patent. (SW - India)

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:

· Imagine that you have come up with product and want to get a patent for it. Write down the procedure of how you would do it? (SW - India)

Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.8.C.2
Compare and contrast current and past incidences of ethical and unethical use of labor in the United States or another country and present results in a media-rich presentation.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· Know what the labor laws of your country are. (SW - India)

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:

· Name the industries where the unethical use of labor is rampant. (SW - India)
· Discuss the differences in working condition of a labor when used ethically and unethically? (SW - India)
· List out the types of organizations that are set to protect the labor interest? (SW - India)
· Make a PPT presentation stating the historical facts, developments, movements, and government laws that has brought the labor empowerment, and the areas where the problems still persists. (SW - India)
Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.12.C.1
Analyze the ethical impact of a product, system, or environment, worldwide, and report findings in a [[#WebBasedPub|web-based publication]] that elicits further comment and analysis.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· Read environmental blog posts to know about the most important environmental concerns regarding our technologies and its uses. (SW - India)
Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:

· Write a blog post on the most important movements and protest made against any technology/product. Illustrate in the post the cause, and the consequence for such protests. Ask your friends to read it and comment on it. (SW - India)



Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.12.C.2
Evaluate ethical considerations regarding the sustainability of resources that are used for the design, creation, and maintenance of a chosen product.

Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· Understand the common ethical considerations often raised. (SW - India)

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:
· Fossil Fuel Consumption has exceeded so much that if it is unchecked, the natural resources is sure to get depleted from the face of the earth. Discuss the common ethical concerns regarding this. (SW - India)

Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Content:
Knowledge and understanding of human, cultural, and societal values are fundamental when designing technology systems and products in the global society.

CPI:
8.2.12.C.3
Evaluate the positive and negative impacts in a design by providing a digital overview of a chosen product and suggest potential modifications to address the negative impacts.
Instructional Guidance
To assist in meeting this CPI, students may:
· Understand how every technology has the dynamics of the positive and the negative (SW - India)

Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:

Take an example of a car, and list present the environmental friendly aspects of it, and address the negative impacts of the car, and suggest the changes you would bring to it? (SW - India)

Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:
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Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:
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Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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Sample Assessments
To show evidence of meeting this CPI, students may complete the following performance assessment:
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Resources (electronic/non-electronic print or non-print)
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